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Enzimas(GMOs)

Industrial enzymes are used in a wide range of foods, to improve gains, processability, shelf-life, taste and other properties in flour,starches,pop, drinks, fruit juices, oils, beer, whine,cheese and meat.These artificially-added enzymes don't have to be declared on the labels,and it is hard to avoid them.Many of these enzymes are produced by genetically modified organisms (GMOs),usually molds and bacteria.Since the produced enzymes are subsequently separated from the GMOs,the use of GMOs doesn't have to be declared. However,the separation is often incomplete,and residuals of the molds and bacteria are the main culprits of allergies.
 

List Of Commercial Enzymes From Genetically Modified Microorganism To Be Used in Food (GMOs)

Principle Enzymatic Activity 

Host Organism (production organism)

Donor 
Organism 

Application Examples

(non exhaustive list)* 

 

a-Acetolactate decarboxylase 

  Bacillus amyloliquefaciens or subtilis 

Bacillus sp. 

Beverages 

a-Amylase 

 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 
or subtilis/ 

Bacillus licheniformis 

Bacillus sp./ 

Bacillus sp. 

Cereal, Beverages/ 

Cereal, Frut, Beverages, Sugar, Bakery 

Catalase 

 Aspergillus niger 

Aspergillus sp. 

Milk, Egg 

Chymosin 

 Aspergillus niger var. awamori/  Kluyveromyces lactis 

Calf stomach/ 

Calf stomach 

Cheese / 

Cheese 

Cyclodextrin glucano 
trans-ferase 

 Bacillus licheniformis 

Thermoanaero-bacter sp. 

Cereal 

-Glucanase 

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens or subtilis/ 

Trichoderma reesei or longibrachiatum 

Bacillus sp./ 

Trichoderma sp. 

Cereal, Beverages/ 

Cereal, Dietary food 

Glucose 
isomerase 

Streptomyces lividans/ 

Streptomyces rubiginosus 

Actinoplanes sp./ 

Streptomyces sp. 

Cereal/ 

Cereal 

Glucose 
oxidase 

Aspergillus niger 

Aspergillus sp. 

Egg, Beverages, Bakery, Salads 

Hemicellulase 

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens or subtilis 

Bacillus sp. 

Bakery 

Lipase, triacylglycerol 

Aspergillus oryzae 

Candida sp./ 

Rhizomucor sp./ 

Thermomyces sp. 

Fats/ 

Fats/ 

Fats, Bakery 

Maltogenic 
amylase 

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens or subtilis 

Bacillus sp. 

Cereal, Beverages, Bakery 

Protease 

Aspergillus oryzae/ 

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens or subtilis/ 

Bacillus licheniformis 

Rhizomucor sp./ 

Bacillus sp./ 

Bacillus sp. 

Cheese/ 

Meat, Fish, Cereal, Beverages, Bakery, Salads/ 

Meat, Fish 

Pullulanase 

Bacillus licheniformis/ 

Klebsiella planticola 

Bacillus sp./ 

Klebsiella sp. 

Cereal/ 

Cereal, Beverages, Bakery 

Xylanase 

Aspergillus oryzae/ 

Aspergillus niger var. awamori/ 

Aspergillus niger/ Bacillus amyloliquefaciens or subtilis/ 

Bacillus licheniformis/ Trichoderma reesei or longibrachiatum 

Aspergillus sp., Thermomyces sp./ 

Aspergillus sp./ 

Aspergillus sp./ Bacillus sp./ 

Bacillus sp./ Trichoderma sp. 

Cereal 
Cereal/ 

Bakery/ 

Cereal, Beverages, Bakery/ 

Cereal/ 

Cereal

Cereal, Beverages